002 - 1066 and the

feudal system

Factual Question

What was England like in the 1060s?

What factors lead to the invasion of England in 1066?

Debatable Question

Did the impact of invasion create a framework for Medieval society in England?

Key Terminology

            • Crown
            • Patriotism

Define the words above by using the useful links below. Write the definitions on lined paper in full sentences.

Useful Links

Activity One - Notes

The first part of today's lesson is going to be spent investigation what England was actually like in the 1060s. You can use either of the text books that are in the classroom or you can use the resources in the 'Useful Resources' box.

      1. By either using the text book 'Contrast and Connections' by the Schools History Projects pages 66 - 67 or the slideshare, describe what England was like in the 1060s. Think about population size, landscape, jobs, who ruled England and religion.
      2. Using page 68 - 69 from the same book as above what evidence can we use to tell us about the past?
      3. What does the Bayeux tapestry show?

Useful Resource

Contrast and Connections Textbook Pages 66-67

Activity Two - Watch

As a group you are now going to watch a youtube clip about the year 1066. There will be a number of names and key dates mentioned throughout the clip.

        • As you watch the clip below make a list of all the names and dates that are mentioned.

Activity Three - Description

1066 was a time when who should be King of England was in question. There was no natural successor to the throne as Edward the Confessor died without producing a male heir. But who should have been King of England? You are going to be investigating the four key protagonists in this real life historical story.

                    • Edward the Confessor
                    • Harold Godwineson,
                    • Harald Hardraada
                    • William Duke of Normandy.

    1. Collect a A3 sheet of paper and fold it in to four equal sections.
    2. Put the name of each key character at the top of each section and underline it with a ruler.

Edward the Confessor

Harald Hardraada

Harold Godwineson

William Duke of Normandy

3. Consider the following points when you are listening to the youtube clip and reading from the book, pages 70-73 (you can write your findings as bullet points):

              • Who were the men?
              • Why did the men have a claim to the English throne?
              • What were the men's characters like?
              • Why did they want the English throne?

Extension Questions

These can be answered on the back of your A3 paper.

            • What was a shield wall?
            • Write a description of the Battle of Hastings.

Activity Four - Debate

Now you now the story of what happened in England in 1066 we are going to debate on who actually deserved to be King of England. You will be divided into three teams and it is up to your team to convince an audience of your right to the thrown. Think about blood line, nationality, character, achievements etc. After the debate you will write up your arguments.

'Who had the greatest claim to the English throne in 1066?'


      • 500 word limit
      • Size 11 or 12 font
      • Double spaced
      • Paragraphs
      • Bibliography
      • Persuasive argument - so you will need to use the A3 sheets created in the prior lessons.

Potential Structure

Who should have been King of England in 1066?

How will I be assessed?

You will be assessed using criteria A - Knowing and Understanding and D - Thinking Critically.

Criterion A: Knowing and Understanding

Criterion D: Thinking Critically

Activity Five - The Feudal System

The feudal system was devised by William the Conqueror to control England effectively, but what is it? Answer the following questions by watching the youtube clip below.

      1. Describe what the feudal system was?
      2. Why was it an important form of control for William the Conqueror?
      3. Draw a pyramid in your book and divide it in to four horizontally. As you watch the clip below fill in each section.
      4. Using the text book 'Discovering the past year 7. Contrast and Connections' by the Schools History Project pages 80 and 81 answer the questions in the yellow boxes.