004 - Megacities

Factual Question

Where are the largest cities on Earth?

Conceptual Question

What possibilities (good and bad) are presented by megacities?

Approaches to Learning

Thinking - Critical Thinking Skills - Analysing and evaluating issues and ideas - Evaluate evidence and arguments.

Key Terminology

  • Megacity

Define the key term above by using the 'Useful Link' below:

Useful Link

Activity One - Watch

While you now know what the definition for a megacity is, where can they be found and how has their location changed over time? Watch the YouTube clip and answer the following questions:

  1. In 1950, how many megacities were there and where were they found?

  2. Which cities became megacities by 1980?

  3. In 2010 how many megacities were there in the world?

  4. How many megacities are there today and where can they generally be found?

  5. By 2030 how many megacities will there be?

  6. What is the percentage of people who will live in megacities by 2030?

  7. In which year will Europe no longer contain any megacities? (Second YouTube clip)

  8. In 2100 where is it projected that the greatest concentration of megacities will be found? (Second YouTube clip)


The YouTube clip mentioned that the next expansion of megacities will be found in the continent of Africa, why do you think this is? Write a paragraph to explain your answer.

Useful Resources


From The Economist


By Visual Capitalist


Activity Grid

Produced by geogalot

Activity Two - Detailed Example

It is good to know where the megacities are in the world as the can offer a wealth of opportunities. It is also interesting to take one place and to investigate that a little further. Your first task is to scroll through the Esri storymap in the 'Useful Resources' box and decide on a megacity that you would like to know more about. Then answer the following questions, in full sentences on lined paper.

  1. Write a short synopsis of your city of choice.

  2. Describe the changes that have happened to that city over time.

Detailed Example

So what is a detailed example? A paragraph that includes a specific location and data to show understanding. It will help you to illustrate a particular point you might be making within an extended answer (an essay).


A short description, summary or outline.

Synopsis - How to...

  • _______ is found in (country) in the continent of _________.

  • It is interesting because _______ (noise, problem, growing by what percentage, transport, etc).


Say what you see.

  • Consider directions - North, South, East, West.

  • % changes you can see.

  • Growth towards a coast or inland.

  • Consider shapes - circular, elongated, radial, spider.

  • Mention years of change.

Useful Resource

Activity Three - Investigation (Criteria B)

(Taken from www.geographyalltheway.com)

We are now going to work on the process of investigating. The MYP like to see your step-by-step thought process when undertaking a piece of research. As you are now in your final year of the MYP we are going to work on the creation of a research question, formulating an action plan and how you collect and record the information you think you may need. For this section of the lesson you will be assessed on Criteria B strands i, ii and iii.

Investigating Megacities - Criteria B

How will I be assessed?

You will be assessed on Criterion B - strands i, ii and iii.

Year 11 - Investigating Questions - Cities of the Future- Subject-Specific Criteria


Watch the YouTube clip below and make notes on how megacities are changing the map of the world.