001 - Global food patterns and indicators

Geographic Knowledge and Understanding

Global patterns in food/nutrition indicators, including the food security index, the hunger index, calories per person/capita, indicators of malnutrition.

Concept

Measuring global food disparities creates connections between places.

Aims

  • To have knowledge of food and nutrition indicators such as the food security index, the hunger index, calories per person/capita and indicators of malnutrition.
  • To have knowledge if the global patterns of food and nutrition indicators.

Key Terminology

            • Food Security Index
            • Hunger Index
            • Calories per person/capita
            • Malnutrition

All of the key terms will be defined throughout the course of the lesson.

Activity One - Watch

It is important to initially explore why we are looking into the amount and type of food people are eating before we look at the indicators. After all if global poverty is dropping surely food security is increasing?


      • Watch the YouTube clip and then read the article, write down why we should be investigating hunger and what the key causes of hunger are.

Global Hunger on the Rise

Activity Two - Describe - Food Security Index

There are a whole array of different indicators that we could look at to be able to compare and contrast hunger across the world. The first one we are going to look at is a composite indicator called the Food Security Index. Answer the following questions by using the 'Useful Resources' in the box below.


      1. What is the Food Security Index.
      2. What factors make up the Food Security Index?
      3. Using the map describe the pattern of which areas are food secure or not.
      4. What are the benefits and problems of using the Food Security Index as an indicator?

Useful Resources

To Read

'Food and Health' textbook by Stephen Codrington Pages 11 - 15

The Economist and Intelligence Unit - Food Security Index

Activity Two - Describe - Hunger Index

The second indicator we are going to look at is the Hunger Index. I am sure that we have all experienced being hungry in our lives but we are not suffering from being hungry. Answer the questions below by using the map and the articles in the 'Useful Resources' box.


      1. What is the Hunger Index.
      2. What factors make up the Hunger Index?
      3. Using the map describe the pattern of which areas are food secure or not.
      4. What are the benefits and problems of using the Hunger Index as an indicator?

To Read

'Food and Health' textbook by Stephen Codrington Pages 10 - 11

Global Hunger Index

Activity Three - Describe - Calories Per Person/Capita

We all have an idea of how many calories we should be eating a day to keep our bodies functioning. Some of us will need more or less than the recommended 2000 calories for women and 2500 calories for men depending on whether we are exercising a lot or we would like to make some space for the excesses of the winter holidays. But is calories per person a useful indicator? After all, I could eat my daily intake of calories quite quickly through the consumption of chocolate and crisps! Answer the questions below by using the map and the information in the 'Useful Resources' box.


      1. Define what calories per person actually means.
      2. What kind of indicator is it?
      3. Using the map (Image Three) describe the pattern of calories per person.
      4. Using the map in Image Four and your answer for question 3, describe the correlation between calorie intake and fat intake.
      5. What are the benefits and problems of using calories per person as an indicator?

Useful Resources

Activity Five - Describe - Malnutrition

Malnutrition is clearly linked to our calorie consumption but what actually is it? Can people be equally as malnourished in wealthy countries as they are in poor? There are now areas in the USA in which the children will not live as long as the parents because they are not getting access to the correct nutrients to live healthy lives. Answer the questions below by using the map and the information in the 'Useful Resources' box.


      1. Define what malnutrition actually means.
      2. What kind of indicator is it?
      3. Using the map describe the pattern of global malnutrition.
      4. What are the benefits and problems of using calories per person as an indicator?

Useful Resources

To Read

World Health Definition - Malnutrition

Euractiv - Malnourishment in Wealthy Countries

'Food and Health' textbook by Stephen Codrington Pages 5 - 8

Exam Style Question

Explain one benefit and one problem of using calories per person as an indicator to measure disparities. [2+2]

This lesson was development in collaboration with Richard Allaway from geographyalltheway. For more resources please visit www.geographyalltheway.com