005 - Too Few or

Too Many

Factual Question:

What benefits and problems does a country experience if there are too few children under the age of 15?

What benefits and problems does a country experience if there are too many children under the age of 15?

What benefits and problems does a country experience if there are too many people over the age of 65?

Debatable Question:

Can population policies ever be justified?

Key Terminology

            • Pro-natalist policy
            • Anti-natalist policy
            • Geriatric

The key terminology will be discussed in the lesson but if you are still unsure then you can click on the links below to find the definitions.


Useful Links

Activity One - Too Many or Two Few?

In pairs discuss the advantages and disadvantages of having too many youthful or ageing dependents within a country and write your ideas onto a mini white board. We will then discuss your points as a whole group.


      1. Make a copy of the table below or collect it from your teacher if it has been printed.
      2. Fill in the grid by reading the Slideshare and by watching the two YouTube clips below.
Too Many Under 15

Useful Resources

Activity Two - Anti-natalist and Pro-natalist Policies

An anti-natalist policy is a government policy to slow down the fertility rate of a country. Where as a pro-natalist policy actively encourages people to procreate. Some times these are encouraged by incentives and others they are enforced. China is the classic example of an anti-natalist policy. Your task is to develop an information guide on LucidPress explaining the impact that a government policy has had on its overall population. If you are unsure which one to focus on then there are resources for China's anti-natalist policy in the 'Useful Resources' box below.


Things to include:

      1. Location map - remember China is not an island and every map needs a title, key, compass point diagram and scale.
      2. How did China's population get so large?
      3. Population Pyramid
      4. Outline of the one child policy.
      5. Impact of the one child policy - do consider the political impact.
      6. How has China's one child policy changed in recent years?
      7. Was the policy justified?
Anti - natalist policies

How will I be assessed?

Copy of 2018-2019 - Assessment Criteria 10 and 11 - Individuals and Societies