005 - Too Few or

Too Many

Factual Question:

What benefits and problems does a country experience if there are too few or too many children under the age of 15?

What benefits and problems does a country experience if there are too many people over the age of 65?


Debatable Question:

Can population policies ever be justified?

Key Terminology

            • Pro-natalist policy
            • Anti-natalist policy
            • Geriatric

The key terminology will be discussed in the lesson but if you are still unsure then you can click on the links below to find the definitions.


Useful Links

Activity One - Think, Pair, Share - Visible Thinking Routine

To introduce the issues that could occur in countries that are beginning to have an uneven population structure we are going to find out what you already know. What is your prior knowledge on the issues that can occur if we have too many or too dependents?


'Think, Pair, Share' Visible Thinking Routine - discuss the advantages and disadvantages of having too many youthful or ageing dependents within a country.


            1. Define the term dependency ratio using the link in the 'Useful Resources' box and write it on your paper.
            2. Name two countries with a large youthful dependency ratio and write it on the hand out - use the World Bank link.
            3. Name two countries with a large ageing dependency ratio and wite it on the hand out - use the World Bank link.
            4. Think individually and then write your ideas on the mini whiteboards. Positives on one side and negatives on the other. (In these unusal times you will be given a worksheet to fill in). If you are struggling to start there are four images to help prompt your thoughts.
            5. Pair with the person next to you and share your thoughts so far.
            6. Share with the whole group your ideas. We will be using the 'sticks' - no hands up!

Image Three - Age UK

Image Four - Jamaica Gleaner

Think, pair, share - Too few and too many

Activity Two

We are now going to 'flesh' out your thoughts of the advantages and disadvantages of a youthful or dependent society by watching two YouTube clips and reading two articles. Collect a copy of the grid in the 'Useful Resources' box to record your findings.

Useful Resources

Too Few or Too Many?

Activity Three - Case Study - Anti-natalist and Pro-natalist Policies

An anti-natalist policy is a government policy to slow down the fertility rate of a country. Where as a pro-natalist policy actively encourages people to procreate. Some times these are encouraged by incentives and others they are enforced. China is the classic example of an anti-natalist policy. Your task is to develop an information guide on LucidPress explaining the impact that a government policy has had on its overall population. If you are unsure which one to focus on then there are resources for China's anti-natalist policy in the 'Useful Resources' box below.


Things to include:

      1. Location map - remember China is not an island and every map needs a title, key, compass point diagram and scale.
      2. How did China's population get so large?
      3. Population Pyramid
      4. Outline of the one child policy.
      5. Impact of the one child policy - do consider the political impact.
      6. How has China's one child policy changed in recent years?
      7. Was the policy justified?
Anti - natalist policies

How will I be assessed?

Copy of 2018-2019 - Assessment Criteria 10 and 11 - Individuals and Societies