001 - Population 


Geographic Knowledge and Understanding

Population change and demographic transition over time, including natural increase, fertility rate, life expectancy, population structure and dependency ratios.


Population change occurs due to a series of processes. The rate of these demographic processes varies in time and place.


Key Terminology

Define the key terms above by using the 'Geography. Global Change. Study and Revision Guide by Oakes Pages 11 to 14.

Activity One - Describing Models

Geography is full of models to help predict or suggest what may happen in the future. Population predictions can be made by focusing on the Demographic Transition Model which aims to link the level of economic growth and changes to a countries population. But what does it look like and can we place our 'focus' countries into it? Answer the following questions by using the slideshare in the 'Useful Resources' box.

Activity Two - Describing Graphs

Many of you may remember making Lego models of different Population Pyramids in Year 10 but as you have been to sleep since then it is good to review what Population Pyramids are and why they can be useful for geographers.

Activity Three - Producing Graphs

For this activity, we are going to get a little bit of help from the school's Technology for Learning Coordinator - Mr. Allaway. You are going to producing population graphs for two of our 'focus' countries. You will be doing this by using data from the World Bank which provides tables of raw data. You will be looking for the following data for the USA and Morocco to produce five different graphs.

Crude Birth Rate

Crude Death Rate

Fertility Rates

Life Expectancy

Dependency Ratio

Google Document


 Useful Resource

World Bank - Data Bank

Exam Style Question

Using Image Two, suggest two reasons for the falling population rate in England and Wales. [2+2 marks]