003 - Migration
Geographic Knowledge and Understanding
The causes and consequences of forced migration and internal displacement.
The movement of people is a process that can impact the place of origin and the place of destination.
To understand why people are forced to migrate.
To have knowledge of the impact that migration has on the place of origin and the host area.
Internally displaced person
Push and pull factors
Lee's Model of migration
Define the first seven words above using your 'Geography Global Change' textbook by Oakes Page 20. For the final three words you will be defining them in activity one.
Activity One - Causes
Before we begin to look at areas that have been impacted by migration it is useful to review a series of migration models. We are going to focus on Lee's Model of migration and Ravenstein's Law.
Describe Lee's Model of Migration and Ravenstein's Law. You can use the information in the 'Useful Resources' box.
Using evidence from a newspaper article, illustrate that Lee's Model of Migration is true.
Using the evidence from population pyramids try and prove that Ravenstein's Law is true. Hint - have a look at Hong Kong or the UAE.
Activity Two - Describe
"There were 50.8 million internally displaced people across the world at the end of 2019, 45.7 million as a result of conflict and violence, and 5.1 million as a result of disasters." (IDMC, 2020).
This number increased to 100million in 2022. (UN)
While I am sure we are all reading the news on a daily basis it is easy to overlook the large number of people who are being forced from their homes every day unless there is a heart-wrenching image to go along with the article. I am sure you are all familiar with the now iconic images of the dead child being washed up on to the beach or the boats overloaded with migrants but have you thought about the impact these migrants are having on their place of origin and destination? Before we look into the causes and consequences of forced migration lets look at where people are moving from.
Using the first article in the 'Useful Resources' box, choose three countries who are currently in strife and describe where the people are migrating to. You could use Syria, Yemen and Sudan.
Describe the pattern of where people often migrate to - focusing on country to country - second two links in the 'Read' section.
Using Image Three below, describe the pattern of internally displaced people. Remember to include figures.
Watch the YouTube clip and use the map link below, to suggest ways that internal migration can be addressed.
Global Report on Internal Displacement
Metrocosm - All the World's Immigration Visualized in 1 map - click on the YouTube link to see the map - it is old the flows are similar today.
Activity Three - Example of Place - Political
Now you know some of the key reasons why people become internally displaced along with where this has happened it is time to link the ideas to an actual place. The syllabus specifically asks us to look at two detailed examples which show the causes and consequences of forced migration. We need to look at migration caused by political factors and by environmental. The first detailed example we are going to look at is Syria. It is topical and does impact us here in Europe.
Collect a piece of A4 paper and on one side write the causes of the forced migration and on the other discuss the consequences.
Remember when discussing consequences think positives and negatives for the country of origin and the country of destination.
The Syrian Refugee Crisis
Activity Four - Example of Place - Environmental
For this example of forced migration caused by environmental factors you could investigate an area we will/have explored in the Higher Level lessons such as in Extreme Environments. Standards do not worry though as we will be looking at this through a different 'lens'! Barrow, Alaska is a town that is being hugely impacted by the change in the climate. The sea ice is melting which is impacting their ability to hunt. Traditionally the sea ice also helped to protect the coastline and that barrier is now disappearing.
Barrow Alaska: The Leading Edge of Climate Change
Climate.gov - In Barrow, Alaska - Climate Change in Action - scroll to the bottom and read the consequences for people section.
Exam Style Question
To what extent is migration primarily caused by geo-political factors? [10 marks]