003 - New Technologies

Geographic Knowledge and Understanding

New technology and sustainable development in extreme environments, including greater use of solar power and desalination.

Concepts

The future possibility for using new technologies to aid the management of extreme environments and their communities are massive. The power that new technologies will play in sustainable development will depend upon necessity and the will of the population.

Aims

To be able to discuss possible futures where new technology and sustainable development play a greater role in extreme environments.

To be able to describe, explain and evaluate the expansion of solar power in Morocco.

To be able to describe, explain and evaluate the expansion of desalination in the United Arab Emirates.

Key Terminology

  • Desalinisation
  • Solar revolution
  • Off-grid solar energy

Define the key terms above by using the 'Useful Links' below.

Useful Links

Activity One - Detailed Example - Solar Power

Where people get their energy from is increasingly becoming a debatable topic. What may work for one country may not work for another due to the physical characteristics of that area. As many of you have been to Morocco it would be good to focus on how they have adapted to the increase in demand for electricity by harnessing their access to the sun. Solar power is increasingly being developed and used in and around desert regions and even China has gotten in on the act by building the biggest solar farm in the world. There is a solar power plant located outside Ouarzazate which covers 2,400 hectares and it is one of the biggest in the world. It is expected to produce 580 MW of energy which should produce enough electricity for 250,000 inhabitants (a population the same size as Geneva).

The group is now going to be divided into two to create a detailed example of solar energy development within Morocco and desalinisation in the UAE. Use LucidPress to present your findings in. You will need to include the following points and you can use the 'Useful Resources' box to do this:

              1. Location - where, why there etc
              2. Key facts about the solar plant - size, production of MW
              3. Development of the solar plant - investors, change in investment and why, different stages of development etc.
              4. Impact - positive and negative - SEEP

Image One - Solar Farm Ouarzazate

Taken From -

https://www.flickr.com/photos/euneighbours-south/13580438275/in/album-72157643305851265/

Useful Resources

Activity Two - Detailed Example - Desalination

Along with the need for different forms of energy, we are approaching a world in which there is an increasing demand for water. There is a rise of middle-classes and people on the planet in general and because of this, they consume more water, whether it is actual or virtual. According to The Time magazine, there are currently 1.2 billion people living in areas that suffer from water scarcity and this number is expected to rise to 1.8 billion by 2025. Coupled with the impact of climate change access to safe, clean drinking water is a growing problem. Don't forget that access to clean water and sanitation is Goal 6 of the Sustainable Development Goals. One solution to provide water for the growing amount of people living near or in hot, arid areas is a movement towards implementing salinisation plants. We are going to be focusing on Dubai and the Jabal Ali Power and Desalinisation Plant.

e group is now going to be divided into two to create a detailed example of solar energy development within Morocco and desalinisation in the UAE. Use LucidPress to present your findings in. You will need to include the following points and you can use the 'Useful Resources' box to do this:

          1. Location - where, why there etc
          2. Key facts about the desalinisation plant
          3. Development of the desalinisation plant - investors, different stages of development etc.
          4. Impact - positive and negative - SEEP

Image Two - Jabal Ali Power and Desalinisation Plant

Taken From: http://time.com/3625511/this-plant-in-dubai-makes-half-a-billion-gallons-of-fresh-water-a-day/

Taken From -

http://time.com/3625511/this-plant-in-dubai-makes-half-a-billion-gallons-of-fresh-water-a-day/

Exam Style Question

Explain how a developing (new) technology has future potential in the management of the needs of communities within an extreme environment. [1 + 3 marks]