002 - Increasing Competition for Resources
Geographic Knowledge and Understanding
Increasing competition for access to resources in extreme environments, including the role of indigenous groups, civil society organizations, transnational corporations (TNCs) and militia groups.
As the demand for resources increases so will the pressure to extract them from within extreme environments. There are many stakeholders involved in the extraction of key resources and all of them affect the future possibility of it.
- To revise and develop existing knowledge and understanding about resource extraction in extreme environments.
- To be able to discuss the increasing competition for access to resources in extreme environments, including the role of indigenous groups, civil society organizations, transnational corporations and militia groups.
Activity One - Cold Environments - Oil
We have already looked at how oil is extracted and transported in Alaska via the Trans Alaskan Pipeline in the USA. You have explored how the pipeline itself is modified to reduce the cracking of the pipeline and make the transferal of oil as risk free as possible. We now need to look at this extraction through a different lens. Our focus this time is to look at increasing competition for oil within Alaska by investigating the different stakeholders that play a role in this area. Make a copy of the mindmeister and below which focus on the indigenous populations views and how they compare to TNCs. Then write three sentences from each resource provided to build up a detailed example of the conflict created by the different stakeholders in Alaska over oil.
Activity Two - Hot Environments - Uranium
We have looked at the extraction of uranium in Niger and the environmental impact that this has had. We are now going to look at the different roles that stakeholders have in this extraction. In the case of uranium there are indigenous militia groups who are fighting to protect their areas against the expansion of the mines, GreenPeace who seek to raise the importance of environmental degradation in the area and then AREVA a French TNC who are trying to protect their rights to the extract and sell the resource. Make a copy of the mindmeister below and write three key points from each resource to show the conflict created by the different stakeholders.
Exam Style Question
Examine the role of various stakeholders in a situation where there is increasing competition for access to resources in extreme environments. [10 marks]