002 - Settlement Sites

Factual Questions

Where do towns and villages locate?

What are the location advantages of Thebes?

What are the location disadvantages of Thebes?

Key Terminology

            • Settlement Site
            • Natural

Define the words above by using the 'Useful Links' below.

Useful Links:

Activity One - Complete

It is good to know what the key words are to describe the sizes of different settlements along with the types of services found within them. Copy out the paragraph below and fill in the blanks to complete the sentences.

A settlement is a __________ where people live. The smallest type of settlement is one ________ on its own. The largest type of settlement is a ________. Small settlements such as single buildings, hamlets and ________ found in the countryside are called RURAL settlements. Large settlements such as towns and cities with lots of houses, shops, offices and ________ are called URBAN settlements.

Small settlements only have a small number of ________. Large settlements provide a wide variety of services.

Missing Words

factories services place villages building city

Activity Two - Read

We will be using an Ordnance Survey map for Shrewsbury during this lesson. To do this we will just need to review a few map skills first. Answer the following questions in full sentences on lined paper by using the youtube clips below.

      1. Why are symbols used on a map?
      2. What is a contour line?
      3. What colour is the contour line on the map?
      4. Where can you find the scale of the map?
      5. What is a grid reference?
      6. How do you read 4 and 6 figure grid references?
      7. Using the OS (Ordnance Survey) map of Shrewsbury, why do you think a town developed there? What natural advantages can you see on the map?

Useful Resources


Contour Lines

Four Figure Grid References

Six Figure Grid Reference

Activity Three - Describe

People chose (and still choose) sites to live on if they have one or more natural advantages e.g. a water supply. The more natural advantages a place has the more likely it was to grow in size.

      1. Match the correct statements to the right descriptive word. Write the answers neatly into your book.

Key Words


      • Easy to cross either on foot at a ford or by a bridge.
      • Good views from a hilltop give you warning you are about to be attacked.
      • Needed for drinking, cooking, and washing. Water might come from a river, spring or well.
      • Easier to build on, for growing crops and traveling to other towns.
      • Sites must not flood or be marshy.
      • Needed for fires or warmth and to cook on.
      • Need wood or stone. Useful to be near a wood or a rocky hillside.
      • A south-facing slope will have more sun and will be protected from the cold north wind.

Activity Four

Now we have investigated what the different natural advantages of settlement sites are, we can have a look at Thebes. Answer the two questions below. You can use the map you drew in the previous lesson and the images below.

      1. Describe the locational natural advantages of Thebes.
      2. Describe the disadvantages of the location of Thebes.

360 VR Opportunity

Luxor is located in the ancient city of Thebes and the ruins of Ancient Egypt can still be seen today. By using the images look at the landscape and try and describe what the natural advantages and disadvantages of the city may be.

      • If you have smartphone click on the round.me app and using the 'Explore' section search for 'Luxor Temple'. Then choose the final image to view.
      • If you don't have a smartphone don't worry, you can view the image below.
Taken From: https://www.digitalbodies.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/roundme_app_header.jpg

Image Two - Roundme

Activity - Extension

You have now learnt about the advantages of different settlement sites. Look at the image below and write down which of the five sites in the image below you would choose to live in and why?

Taken From: http://image.slidesharecdn.com/7-settlement-site-and-situation-1234771504796332-3/95/7-settlement-site-and-situation-4-728.jpg?cb=1234752010

Image Three - Settlement Sites