004 - Demographic 


Geographic Knowledge and Understanding

The demographic dividend and the ways in which population could be considered a resource when contemplating possible futures.


There are potential positive possibilities for a country with the necessary conditions to produce a demographic dividend.  Decision-maker have the power to encourage the necessary conditions.


Key Terminology

Define the key terms above by using the 'Useful Links' below:

Useful Links

Activity One - Watch

You now know what a population dividend is from defining the key terms but what does it actually mean in practice? The world's population is set to exceed 9 billion by 2070 and to have a chance at slowing the population at all we need to raise the living standards, levels of education and equality for all. Watch the Ted Talk below featuring Hans Rosling and make notes on how he believes population change should occur. Yes, the Talk Talk is a bit retro but the key points still apply today.

Hans Rosling

Global Population Growth

Activity Two - Watch and Read

It is clear that our global population is changing but can it be used to a country's advantage? We often just discuss the issues of having a large population rather than seeing as a potential for economic growth. 

Useful Resources

The Demographic Bomb

The Demographic Bomb - India?

Taken From: http://pragati.nationalinterest.in/2010/09/demographic-dividend/

Image One - Demographic Dividend

Activity Three - Case Study

For this syllabus point, it specifically asks us to study one case study of a country that benefits from a demographic dividend. While we should probably focus on Morocco as that is where we will hopefully go on our field trip, we are going to focus on Kenya instead as there is so much information out there. To help with your revision it would be best to create a case study that fills just one side of A4 paper. In reality, you are not going to remember more than that! Collect a piece of A4 paper from the trolley and if you prefer a set of coloured pens. Make notes on the following points:

Exam Style Question

Explain two reasons why a country could experience a demographic dividend. [2 + 2]