Extended Essay

Hints and Tips

      • If you can, base your EE on a geographical model e.g. Bradshaw model. The examiners really want to see that your title is tightly related to the subject of Geography and models or a direct link to theorists will help this.

      • Show that your EE has a clear spatial element. A location map and saying where you are studying no longer seems good enough. You need to now say why you have chosen a particular area and why there may be differences within that area. If you can, then follow that up by using some sort of map to show your results would be great. Also, try and say why your particular issue e.g. crime, gun ownership or flooding is an important issue for geographers to study.

      • The examiners now seem to want you to try and incorporate some form of statistical analysis to show that you have collected enough data and can prove there is a correlation, especially if this is a primary data focused EE.

Suggested Structure

While you will be given lots of help from the librarian and the EE coordinator the EE can still be daunting to start. Here are a few suggestions of how you could structure your EE - do be aware though that this is not the only way that you can do it.

Potential Structure

  • Use subheadings to divide up the different sections of your EE. Suggested subheadings:

    • 1.0 - Introduction - Why is this an important issue to study? How does it fit in the context of the discipline(s) of 'Geography (and another)'.

      • 1.1 - The Global Context - Why is this an important issue on the global scale? It would be good to include evidence such as a graph to illustrate the importance.

      • 1.2 - The Focus - What is your EE research question? Put it in to context of why it is important at the local scale.

      • 1.3 - Area of Research - geographical theory.

    • 2.0 - Background

      • 2.1 - Locational Context - What location are you focusing on? Why are you focusing on this area? Graphs and maps are useful here to help you to illustrate your points.

    • 3.0 - Methodology - How are you collecting your information? Why is this a valid way to undertake the research. For the different websites or reports you are using how reliable are these sources? Remember this could be primary or secondary data EE.

    • 4.0 - Discussion - As you do for a 10 or 16 mark EAQ you need to create an argument. So the inital part of your discussion will need to discuss to what extent your ascertain is correct and then you need to suggest other factors that may have impacted the results you have found. Use further subheadings to break up this section. You must include graphs and maps in this section. (Remember if you can't map or graph it it probably shouldn't be a Geography related EE.)

    • 5.0 - Conclusion - Summarise your findings and relate it back to the global setting. How could this inform us of how to deal with the issue on a global scale?

    • 6.0 - Bibliography - MLA format.

Formal Presentation

  • Size 11 or 12 font.

  • Double spaced

  • Font - Times New Roman/ Lato/ Tahoma

  • Create a header and write the subject (Geography) and your candidate code on the right.

  • Insert page numbers on every page.

  • Front Cover needs to include:

    • The Subject

    • The Research Title

    • The Research Question

    • Word Count

    • Your Candidate Code

  • Include a contents page.

  • Footnotes for intext citations.

  • Bibliography for all our sources including any images, maps or graphs that you are using - do this as you write your essay as it is hard to go back and refind all of your sources. MLA format.


      • Reflections - The first and second reflection should be no more than 150 words and they need to show how you are engaging with the EE e.g. things that you have learnt, evolved or been encouraged to read from the initial investigations.

EE Guide to Reflections from the IB.pdf.pdf
EE Writing and Reflection.pdf.pdf

Geography - Checklist

2018 Onwards Extended Essay Check List - Geography

Examples of Geography Extended Essays

It sometimes difficult to know where to start when it comes to the EEs. It is always good to have a look at what the style and structure of an EE is like for our subject. Click on the link below for IBO assessed Geography EEs.

Useful Resource

Geography EEs - Recommend read example B - 32/34