001 - What is Africa?


Factual Questions

What is 'Africa' like?
What is the physical landscape of Africa like?

Taken From: https://openclipart.org/image/2400px/svg_to_png/224825/AfricaMap.png

Key Terminology

  • Physical Landscape
  • Biome (write the types of biomes you hear in the song)
  • Rank
Define the key words above using the links below. Remember to write the definitions in full sentences.

Useful Links

My Biome Song




Activity One - Ordering

How much do you actually know about the size , number of countries and population size of each continent? Where does Africa 'fit' within the world?

  • I would like seven volunteers to come to the front of the class - one for each continent.
  • Each 'continent' will be given an envelope which has a piece of information in about that continent. YOU WILL NOT OPEN IT YET.
  • The 'continents' will then rank themselves in order of size depending on the characteristic.
  • The class will then decide if the order is correct and reorder the continents if necessary.
  • The answers will be revealed once a consensus has been made.

Ranking Africa from the RGS


  1. What did you find surprising?
  2. Where does Africa 'fit' into the world?



Activity Two - Mapping Africa

Taken From: http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/africa/afoutlnew.jpg

It is important to know what the physical landscape of Africa is like as this will help us to understand the different trade routes throughout the continent. Using the map that you have been given and the link below mark on the key biomes found in Africa. Then colour them in. Don't forget to include a key.

      • Now mark on the major rivers, deserts and mountains in Africa.
      • Remember to add these to your key.
      • Mark on the countries in Africa in pencil without using an Atlas - Mark on the countries you didn't know in pen using an Atlas or the link below.

Once finished answer the following questions:
  1. Describe the pattern of biomes in Africa. (Where are the biomes located)
  2. Is there a link between the climate and vegetation type in Africa? You may have to research average temperatures for different regions or look at the climate graphs below.

Useful Links





Activity Three - Landscapes and Rivers

  • Using the image below describe how the landscape changes as you move across the country - West to East. Think about:
          • Height of the land, this is called relief - mountains, lowlands
          • Water - rivers, lakes and oceans


  1. While Africa has many mountains but not all of them are pointy, some are plateaus. What is a plateau?
  2. Africa is generally a warm continent but you can find snow. Where do you think snow might be found? Try and give some names of mountains.
  3. The three main rivers in Africa are the Nile, Niger and the Congo. Where do these rivers have their source? What is a source?
  4. By using the map above where would you rather live? Explain your answer

Useful Links



Activity Four - True of False?

Everyone will be given a pink true and false card. I will read the statements below and you will need to decide if the statements are true or false.


True or False Questions from the RGS





Extension Activity - Quiz

Complete the quiz from the Royal Geographical Society and record the answers on paper.