002 - Settlement Sites

Factual Questions

Where do towns and villages locate?
What are the location advantages of Thebes?
What are the location disadvantages of Thebes?

Key Terminology

  • Settlement Site
  • Natural
Define the words above by using the useful links below.

Useful Links:

Activity One - Complete

It is good to know what the key words are to describe the sizes of different settlements along with the types of services found within them. Copy out the paragraph below and fill in the blanks to complete the sentences.

Missing Words

factories        services        place        villages   

    building         city          

A settlement is a __________ where people live. The smallest type of settlement is one ________ on its own. The largest type of settlement is a ________. Small settlements such as single buildings, hamlets and ________ found in the countryside are called RURAL settlements. Large settlements such as towns and cities with lots of houses, shops, offices and ________ are called URBAN settlements. 

Small settlements only have a small number of ________. Large settlements provide a wide variety of services.

Activity Two - Read

Taken From: http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/history/domesday/maps/gb/3/34/31/gb.3.348000.312000.1986.jpg

We will be using an Ordnance Survey map for Shrewsbury during this lesson. To do this we will just need to review a few map skills first. Answer the following questions in full sentences on lined paper by using the youtube clips below.

  1. Why are symbols used on a map?
  2. What is a contour line?
  3. What colour is the contour line on the map?
  4. Where can you find the scale of the map?
  5. What is a grid reference?
  6. How do you read 4 and 6 figure grid references?
  7. Using the OS (Ordnance Survey) map of Shrewsbury, why do you think a town developed there? What natural advantages can you see on the map?

Useful Resources

Map Symbols - Ordnance Survey

Contour Lines - Ordnance Survey

4 figure grid references - Ordnance Survey

6 figure grid references by Ordnance Survey

Activity Three - Describe

People chose (and still choose) sites to live on if they have one or more natural advantages e.g. a water supply. The more natural advantages a place has the more likely it was to grow in size. 

  1. Match the correct statements to the right descriptive word. Write the answers neatly into your book.

Key Words
Defensive Site

Water Supply
Dry Site
Bridging Point
Building Materials

Flat Land

      • Easy to cross either on foot at a ford or by a bridge.
      • Good views from a hilltop give you warning you are about to be attacked.
      • Needed for drinking, cooking, and washing. Water might come from a river, spring or well.
      • Easier to build on, for growing crops and traveling to other towns.
      • Sites must not flood or be marshy.
      • Needed for fires or warmth and to cook on.
      • Need wood or stone. Useful to be near a wood or a rocky hillside.
      • A south-facing slope will have more sun and will be protected from the cold north wind.

    Activity Four

    Now we have investigated what the different natural advantages of settlement sites are, we can have a look at Thebes. Answer the two questions below. You can use the map you drew in the previous lesson and the images below.
    1. Describe the locational natural advantages of Thebes.
    2. Describe the disadvantages of the location of Thebes.
    Image One - Ancient City of Thebes
    Taken From: http://www.timetrips.co.uk/chapter_14.htm
    Taken From -

    360 VR Opportunity

    Image Two - Roundme
    Taken From: https://www.digitalbodies.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/roundme_app_header.jpg
    Taken From - 

    Luxor is located in the ancient city of Thebes and the ruins of Ancient Egypt can still be seen today. By using the images look at the landscape and try and describe what the natural advantages and disadvantages of the city may be.

    • If you have smartphone click on the round.me app and using the 'Explore' section search for 'Luxor Temple'. Then choose the final image to view.
    • If you don't have a smartphone don't worry, you can view the image below.


    You have now learnt about the advantages of different settlement sites. Look at the image below and write down which of the five sites in the image below you would choose to live in and why?

    Image Three - Settlement Sites
    Taken From: http://image.slidesharecdn.com/7-settlement-site-and-situation-1234771504796332-3/95/7-settlement-site-and-situation-4-728.jpg?cb=1234752010
    Taken From -