001 - Degradation from raw material production - Part 1

Syllabus Point

Identify (AO1) the effects of agro-industrialization and changes in international production and consumption on the physical environment.


Key Terminology

  • Identify
  • Discuss
  • Examine
  • Agro-industrialization
  • Food miles
  • Green Revolution
Define the words above using the command word posters in the classroom, your 'Geography Course Companion' by Nagle and Cooke and the links provided.

Activity One - Watch

Watch the clip below and answer the following questions:
  1. Describe the effects that agro-industrialisation has had on dairy farming.
  2. What are the key characteristics of agro-business?
  3. From what you have studied so far where do you think that agro-business is prevalent?
  4. How has agro-industrialisation impacted international production and consumption?
  5. What impact has this production had on the environment?

Sour Milk





Activity Two - Analysis

The main aspect of this syllabus point is to look at how agro-industrialisation has impacted the environment. Using the text book 'Geography for the IB Diploma. Global Interactions' by Guinness Pages 94-99 make notes on how intensive farming impacts the environment. Consider the following points as you make the notes:
  1. What are the key areas of devastation?
  2. How does agro-business impact greenhouse emissions? Use the USA as an example - don't forget to include figures.
  3. How does the production of meat impact the environment?
  4. What is the vertical food-chain integration?
  5. What concerns do people have about GM food?
  6. What is the environmental impact of the Green Revolution?
  7. Can organic farming be a 'cure' to GM food and agro-industrialisation?
  8. How does food waster and food packaging impact the environment?



Activity Three - Watch

Copy and complete the table below and as we watch the documentary 'From Crop to Shop - Jimmy's Supermarket Secrets'.



 Food 

 
Example Country
 
Environmental Impact
 Scottish Potatoes Egypt 
 Beans Kenya 
 Peppers Netherlands 



Exam Style Question

Examine the environmental impact of growing the same crops all year around. (10 marks)