004 - The effects of transnational manufacturing and services

Syllabus Point

Discuss (AO3) the reasons for and consequences of the relocation of polluting industries (such as some TNCs) and waste disposal (such as ICT, chemical and nuclear waste) to countries with weaker environmental controls and safety regulations.

Key Terminology

Define the following words using the 'Command Word' posters in the classroom, 'Geography Course Companion' text book by Nagle and Cooke and the links provided.

  • Discuss
  • Polluting industry

Useful Links

Activity One - E-Waste

  • Every one of you owns more than one electrical device, whether it may be a phone, laptop, tablet, home computer, printer, TV, camera etc, do you ever consider what happens to you device once you upgrade? 
  • How does the image below make you feel?

Activity Two - Comprehension

Watch the YouTube clip and answer question 1 below:

ewaste- a big issue

  1. What is e-waste?
  2. Describe the known and suspected routes of e-waste dumping.
  3. Why does our e-waste go to these areas?Taken from worldloop.org
  4. What impact does our e-waste have on countries with weaker environmental controls?


Taken From: Amazon

Activity Three - Extension

  • Make notes on the impacts of chemical and nuclear waste - using the text book 'Global Interactions' by Guinness pages 117-118.

Exam Style Question

Examine the causes and consequences of polluting industries locating in countries with weaker controls. (15 marks)