002 - Global core and periphery

Syllabus Point

Discuss (AO3) the spatial pattern of global interactions through the mapping of core areas at the focus of interaction (network hubs/nodes), the peripheries and areas relatively unaffected by these interactions.


Key Terminology

  • Discuss
  • Spatial pattern
  • Core
  • Periphery
  • Hubs/nodes
Define the key terminology above using the 'Command Term' posters in the classroom and the 'Global Interactions' textbook by Guinness.

Activity One - Recap

The level of development of a country strongly links to how globalised it is.

  • Draw out Rostow's model of development and then suggest the types of global actions that may occur at each stage. If you are unsure of what Rostow's model of development is then read through the slideshow below.

Useful Resource

Activity Two - Analogy

  1. How can a bike wheel relate to the idea of a hub and nodes?
Figure One - Bike spokes

Activity Three - Skill

  • The map below shows the network of road, air and shipping routes. Describe the global hubs and nodes for the air and shipping routes.
Figure Two - A map to show the global hubs and nodes for air and shipping routes
Taken From: Globaia.org

  • The map below shows the global undersea cables for the internet. Describe the correlation between the cable networks and hubs and the transportation routes above.
Figure Three - A map to show the global cable networks
Taken From: http://dailyreckoning.com/dr-content/uploads/2014/04/WorldConnected.jpg

  • Have the hubs and nodes changed since the 18th Century? Justify your answer.
Figure Four - A map to show historical shipping routes across the world
Taken from: the guardian

  • Explain the why the global hubs for Facebook are located where they are in the map below.
Figure Five - A map to show the global hubs and links for facebook

  • After describing the maps above, where do you believe the worlds hubs and nodes are in the world? Draw the worlds global hubs on to a blank map of the world.
  • Why do you think the hubs and nodes are located where they are? 

Activity Four - Core and Periphery

The world systems theory was first created by Wallerstein and it has three key tiers; core, semi-periphery and peripheral regions/countries. The key concept of the theory focuses on the level of development of a country and how the peripheral regions are exploited by the core.
  1. How do hubs and nodes relate to the idea of a core and periphery?
  2. Divide your page in to two. On one side write down everything you would expect to find in the core regions of the world. On the other side write down what you expect to find in the peripheral regions.

    Key Factors of the Core Regions
    Key Factors of the Peripheral Regions

  3. Below is a map of what many classify as the core and peripheral regions of the world. Do you agree with it? Explain your answer.
Figure Six - A map to show the core and peripheral regions of the world

Taken From: http://files.campus.edublogs.org/blogs.yis.ac.jp/dist/2/523/files/2012/03/Core-Periphery-overall-map-DIAG-23hzn7n.jpg

Exam Style Question

Discuss the spatial pattern of core and peripheral areas. (10 marks)