003 - Location, location, location

Factual Question

Where are castles located and why?
Taken From: https://www.flickr.com/photos/80824546@N00/17208177760/

Key Terminology

  • Site
  • Natural
Define the words above using the useful links below:

Useful Links



Activity One - Describe

  • Why could the image below be a good site for a settlement? Write your thoughts on paper.
Taken From: http://www.hdwallpapersact.com/wp-content/gallery/hillside/river-between-two-hill.jpg


Activity Two - Share

Answer the following points on the padlet below.
  1. Using the following websites research what natural advantages you would require when deciding where to build your settlement. Give a reason for your ideas.
  2. What could be the disadvantages of the factors discussed above. Again, share your thoughts on the padlet site and then we will discuss them.

Useful Resource

Made with Padlet





Activity Three

Answer the following questions on paper. You will need a pencil and a ruler for question two.
  1. For the photograph above write in your book the advantages and disadvantages of the site.
  2. Design your own 'perfect' settlement site. Think about all the natural advantages you would need to make the site successful. Remember to draw you diagram in a box using a pencil and ruler. Remember you can label the key features as well.
  3. Explain why you have chosen the specific characteristics of your design.

Resource

Activity Four - Locating a Castle

Shrewsbury Castle was originally an Anglo-Saxon wooden fortification but was given to Roger de Montgomery, Earl of Shrewsbury in 1070. Montgomery was one of William the Conqueror's main councillors and who, it is said, fought along side him at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Montgomery converted wooden fort in to a red sandstone castle.



  • Find the castle at grid reference 4912 on the paper map.
  • Using the map suggest why this site was beneficial for the castle. Write your answers on the paper provided.
  • Click on the Google map below and see if you can find any other natural advantages at this site.

    Google Map




    Extension - Where would you locate your castle?

    You have been given the title of Earl by William the Conqueror as it was your idea to fool the Saxons that the Normans were retreating at the Battle of Hastings. You are required to build a castle to help control the Saxons and defend the area in case of invasion. Exactly where you build your castle is up to you and your team of councillors, but you must decide between the island of Bamburgh and the towns of Nottingham and Warwick.

    As a team you will need to write a proposal to William the Conqueror to explain why you have chosen one site over another. Use Google docs to write this proposal as you can share it with your team and the King (in this case your teacher). You will need to include the advantages and disadvantages of all three sites before you choose your favourite.

    How will I be assessed

    You will be assessed on Criteria C - Communicating and Criteria D - Thinking Critically for this assignment.

    Criteria D - Thinking Critically

     Mark Generic Level Descriptor  Task Specific Level Descriptor
     

    3 - 4
    • Completes a simple analysis of concepts, events, issues, models or arguments. 
    • Makes connections between information to make simple arguments.
    •  Can develop a simple argument to show why one site would be better to build a castle on than the others.
    • Uses Google map evidence to support a simple argument.
     

    5 - 6


     
    • Completes a satisfactory analysis of concepts, events, issues, models or arguments. 
    • Makes connections between information to make valid arguments.
    •  Can develop a satisfactory argument to show why one site would be better to build a castle on than the others.
    • Uses Google maps and one other form of evidence to support a valid argument.


     7 - 8
     
    • Completes a detailed analysis of concepts, events, issues, models or arguments. 
    • Makes connections between information to make valid and well-supported arguments.
    •  Can develop a detailed argument to show why one site would be better to build a castle on than the others.
    • Uses Google maps and more than one other form of evidence to support a valid argument.

    Criteria C - Communicating

     Mark Generic Level Descriptor  Task Specific Level Descriptor
     

    3 - 4
    • Communicates information and ideas in a style that is sometimes appropriate to the audience to the audience and purpose.
    • Creates a list of sources of information sometimes according to the task instructions.
    • Sometimes structures the argument to show the pros and cons of each site.
    • Only cites some of the sources used in MLA format.
     

    5 - 6


    •  Communicates information and ideas in a style that is often appropriate to the audience to the audience and purpose.
    • Creates a list of sources of information often according to the task instructions.
    • Often structures the argument to show the pros and cons of each site.
    • Mostly cites the sources used in MLA format.


     7 - 8
    •  Communicates information and ideas in a style that is completely appropriate to the audience to the audience and purpose.
    • Creates a list of sources of information according to the task instructions.
    • Always structures the argument to show the pros and cons of each site and there is a clear conclusion
    • Always cites the sources used in MLA format.