004 - Desert Landforms

Factual Question

What landforms can be found in desert regions?
How are desert landforms created?

Key Terminology

  • Weathering
  • Erosion
  • Aeolian
  • Transportation
  • Deposition
Define the words above using a dictionary.

Activity One - Mix and Match

  1. Using wikipedia draw a diagram to show how the wind can transport the sand in a desert.
  2. The table below describes different types of landforms found in a desert. The descriptions and diagrams do not match and it is your task to sort them out. Draw out the table, copy the descriptions and then draw the matching diagram. 

A - Long, narrow dune deposited when a prevailing (dominant) wind is interrupted by a strong cross wind.
 1 - Zeugen (mushroom rock)
Mushroom Rock

B - Isolated hills of resistant rock worn back by a strong cross wind. One is taller than it is wide and the other is wider than it is tall.
 2 - BarchanBarchan

C - An extremely hard, smooth rock left standing like a soldier on duty, after being abraded by the wind.
 3 - Linear Dune
Linear Dune

D - A deposition of material at the base of a mountain which has been washed down by storms.
 4 - Yardang

E - Crescent (moon) shaped dune deposited when the wind blows steadily in one direction.
 5 - Inselberg

F - Rock undercut at its base by strong winds carrying grains of sand.
 6 - Wadi

G - Fantastically carved rock of varying hardness, eroded by the wind.
 7 - Mesa and Buttes
Mesa and Butte

H - A dry river bed, as water only flows here during flash floods (a sudden and often short storm).
 8 - Pediment