003 - Migration

Geographic Knowledge and Understanding

The causes and consequences of forced migration and internal displacement.



Concepts

The movement of people is a process that can impact the place of origin and the place of destination.



Aims

To understand why people are forced to migrate.
To have knowledge of the impact that migration has on the place of origin and the host area.



Key Terminology

  • Migration
  • Emigration
  • Immigration
  • Voluntary migration
  • Forced migration
  • Refugee
  • Internally displaced person
  • Push and pull factors
  • Lee's Model of migration
  • Ravenstein's Law
Define the first seven words above using the 'Useful Links' below and your 'Geography Global Change' textbook by Oakes Page 20. For the final three words you will be defining them in activity one.



Activity One - Causes

Before we begin to look at areas that have been impacted by migration it is useful to review a series of migration models. We are going to focus on Lee's Model of migration and Ravenstein's Law. 

          1. Describe Lee's Model of Migration and Ravenstein's Law. You can use the information in the 'Useful Resources' box.
          2. Using evidence from a newspaper article, illustrate that Lee's Model of Migration is true.
          3. Using the evidence from population pyramids try and prove that Ravenstein's Law is true. Hint - have a look at Hong Kong or the UAE.



Activity Two - Describe

While I am sure we are all reading the news on a daily basis it is easy to overlook the large number of people who are being forced from their homes every day unless there is a heart-wrenching image to go along with the article. I am sure you are all familiar with the now iconic images of the dead child being washed up on to the beach or the boats overloaded with migrants but have you thought about the impact these migrants are having on their place of origin and destination? Before we look into the causes and consequences of forced migration lets look at where people are moving from. 

Image One - Child Washed up on Beach
Taken From - https://www.huffingtonpost.com/joan-gage/about-the-photo-of-the-dead-boy-on-the-beach_b_8085270.html
https://www.huffingtonpost.com/joan-gage/about-the-photo-of-the-dead-boy-on-the-beach_b_8085270.html

Image Two - Migrant Boat Capsizes off Samos
Taken From - http://www.ekathimerini.com/203023/article/ekathimerini/news/six-infants-drown-as-migrant-boat-capsizes-off-samos
Taken From - http://www.ekathimerini.com/203023/article/ekathimerini/news/six-infants-drown-as-migrant-boat-capsizes-off-samos


  1. Using the first article in the 'Useful Resources' box, choose three countries who are currently in strife and describe where the people are migrating to. You could use Syria, South Sudan and Palestine. 
  2. Describe the pattern of where people often migrate to.




Activity Three - Example of Place - Political

Now you know some of the key reasons why people become internally displaced along with where this has happened it is time to link the ideas to an actual place. The syllabus specifically asks us to look at two detailed examples which show the causes and consequences of forced migration. We need to look at migration caused by political factors and by environmental. The first detailed example we are going to look at is Syria. It is topical and does impact us here in Europe. 

  • Collect a piece of A4 paper and on one side write the causes of the forced migration and on the other discuss the consequences. 
  • Remember when discussing consequences think positives and negatives for the country of origin and the country of destination.

The European Refugee Crisis and Syria Explained






Activity Four - Example of Place - Environmental

For this example of forced migration caused by environmental factors you could investigate an area we have already explored in the Higher Level lessons such as in Extreme Environments. Standards do not worry though as we will be looking at this through a different 'lens'! Barrow, Alaska is a town that is being hugely impacted by the change in the climate. The sea ice is melting which is impacting their ability to hunt. Traditionally the sea ice also helped to protect the coastline and that barrier is now disappearing. 

  • Collect a piece of A4 paper and on one side write the causes of the forced migration and on the other discuss the consequences. 
  • Remember when discussing consequences think positives and negatives for the country of origin and the country of destination.